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Ann Behav Med. 2017 Apr;51(2):170-178. doi: 10.1007/s12160-016-9836-2.

Childhood Sexual Abuse and Sociodemographic Factors Prospectively Associated with Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration Among South African Heterosexual Men.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Fagin Hall, 2L (rm. 223), 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104-4217, USA. teitelm@nursing.upenn.edu.
2
University of Pennsylvania, Fagin Hall, 2L (rm. 223), 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104-4217, USA. teitelm@nursing.upenn.edu.
3
Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University, 3215 Market Street, Room 555, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.
4
Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
5
Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
6
School of Social Work, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
7
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.
8
School of Social Policy and Practice, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
9
Haverford College, Haverford, PA, USA.
10
Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intimate partner violence directed at women by men continues to be a global concern. However, little is known about the factors associated with perpetrating intimate partner violence among heterosexual men.

PURPOSE:

History of childhood sexual abuse and other sociodemographic variables were examined as potential factors associated with severe intimate partner violence perpetration toward women in a sample of heterosexual men in South Africa.

METHODS:

Longitudinal logistic generalized estimating equations examined associations of childhood sexual abuse and sociodemographic variables at baseline with intimate partner violence perpetration at subsequent time points.

RESULTS:

Among participants with a steady female partner, 21.81 % (190/ 871) reported perpetrating intimate partner violence in the past year at baseline. Having a history of childhood sexual abuse (p < .001), binge drinking (p = .002), being employed (p = .050), and more difficulty controlling sexual impulses in order to use a condom (p = .006) at baseline were associated with self-reported intimate partner violence perpetration in the past year at subsequent time points.

CONCLUSIONS:

With high levels of recent severe physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence perpetration in South Africa, comprehensive interventions are urgently needed. To more fully address gender-based violence, it is important to address associated factors, including exposure to childhood sexual abuse that could impact behavior later in life and that have long-lasting and deleterious effects on men and their female partners.

KEYWORDS:

Africa; Men; Partner abuse; Risk factors; Sexual abuse

PMID:
27844325
DOI:
10.1007/s12160-016-9836-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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