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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1989 Apr;152(4):729-35.

Comparison of cine MR imaging with Doppler echocardiography for the evaluation of aortic regurgitation.

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Department of Radiology, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco 94143.


Regurgitant blood flow is associated with localized signal loss of the blood pool within the recipient chamber on cine MR images, which may be useful for assessing regurgitant valvular disease. To evaluate the potential of this technique for determining the severity of aortic regurgitation, multilevel cine MR imaging was performed in 10 normal volunteers and in 25 patients with aortic regurgitation documented and graded for severity by Doppler echocardiography. Cine MR images were analyzed to obtain cardiac chamber volumes and to measure the extent of the signal loss associated with regurgitation. All regurgitant lesions were visualized on cine MR images as areas of diastolic signal loss extending from the aortic valve into the left ventricle. The extent of signal loss and the regurgitant volume determined from analysis of MR images correlated with the echocardiographic severity of the lesion. The total area of diastolic left ventricular signal loss was 0 cm2 in 10 normal volunteers, 24 +/- 13 (+/- SD) cm2 in eight patients with mild aortic regurgitation, 49 +/- 11 cm2 in nine patients with moderate aortic regurgitation, and 62 +/- 20 cm2 in eight patients with severe aortic regurgitation (p less than .05 for moderate and severe vs mild). Left ventricular volumes calculated from MR images correlated well with echocardiographic volumes (r = .92, SEE = 30 ml, p less than .0001). Regurgitant fraction calculated from analysis of cine MR images was 4 +/- 7% in normal volunteers and 31 +/- 8% in mild, 45 +/- 11% in moderate, and 56 +/- 9% in severe aortic regurgitation (p less than .05 for moderate and severe vs mild and normal). Thus, cine MR imaging can provide useful qualitative and quantitative data regarding cardiac dimensions and regurgitant valvular flow in patients with aortic regurgitation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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