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Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2017 Jun;68(4):507-513. doi: 10.1080/09637486.2016.1256381. Epub 2016 Nov 14.

Coffee consumption and the occurrence and intensity of metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study.

Author information

1
a Department of the Prevention of Alimentary Tract Diseases, The Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , Jan Kochanowski University , Kielce , Poland.
2
b Department of Surgery and Surgical Nursing with the Scientific Research Laboratory, The Institute of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , Jan Kochanowski University , Kielce , Poland.
3
c Department of Developmental Age Research, Institute of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , Jan Kochanowski University , Kielce , Poland.

Abstract

The objective of the study was to investigate associations between coffee consumption and the occurrence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in individuals with a normal BMI, as well in those who are overweight and obese. The analysis was based on the data of 10,367 participants. The studies included a questionnaire interview, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure measurements and analyses of collected fasting-blood samples. In the overweight and obese participants, lower coffee consumption, compared with higher consumption was correlated with a significantly higher risk of abdominal obesity, hypertension, an abnormal glucose concentration, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and MetS (p < .05). In the participants with a normal BMI, lower coffee consumption was related to the abdominal obesity, HDL cholesterol and MetS (p < .05). Individuals with a normal BMI may react slightly differently to nutritional factors modifying metabolism such as coffee, compared with those with excessive body mass.

KEYWORDS:

BMI; Coffee consumption; metabolic syndrome

PMID:
27842207
DOI:
10.1080/09637486.2016.1256381
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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