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Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2016 Dec;45(4):571-579. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2016.07.012.

Obesity Epidemiology Worldwide.

Author information

1
Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8100, St Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: johnsonca@wudosis.wustl.edu.
2
Division of Biological and Public Health Sciences, Xavier University of Louisiana, 1 Drexel Drive, Campus Box V, New Orleans, LA 70125, USA.

Abstract

Obesity continues to be a public health concern across the globe. Obesity has a demonstrated association with health behaviors and health outcomes, such as diabetes, hypertension, and cancer. Over the past 2 decades, obesity has increased worldwide and remains highest in the United States. It is critical to understand the definition of obesity, using body mass index appropriately, recent estimates, and risk factors as a framework within which clinicians should work to help reduce the burden of obesity. This framework, including the Healthy People 2020 place-based approach to social determinants of health, is described in this article.

KEYWORDS:

BMI; Epidemiology; Obesity; Racial/ethnic disparities; Social determinants of health

PMID:
27837773
PMCID:
PMC5599163
DOI:
10.1016/j.gtc.2016.07.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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