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Indian J Psychol Med. 2016 Sep-Oct;38(5):466-471.

Effectiveness of Metacognitive Therapy in Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder: A Pilot Investigation.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
2
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Metacognitive therapy (MCT) is a recent psychological intervention for emotional disorders. Its efficacy in social anxiety disorder (SAD) is yet to be established.

AIMS:

We examined the effectiveness of an MCT in patients with SAD. A two group case-control design with baseline, post, and 3 months follow-up was adopted. The control group received training in applied relaxation (AR). Four patients with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV diagnosis of social anxiety were sequentially allotted to receive either MCT or AR. Patients were assessed on postevent processing (PEP), social anxiety, depression, and fear on negative evaluation. Clinical significance was calculated. MCT was more effective than AR in reducing social avoidance, PEP, and self-consciousness. While overall both interventions were effective in reducing social anxiety, MCT was marginally more effective. MCT may be a promising therapeutic approach in the management of SAD.

KEYWORDS:

applied relaxation; metacognitive therapy; postevent processing; social anxiety

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