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Bone Joint Res. 2016 Nov;5(11):544-551.

Increased sagittal vertical axis is associated with less effective control of acute pain following vertebroplasty.

Author information

1
Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 896, Pyeongchon-Dong, Anyang City, Gyeonggi-Do, 431-070, South Korea.
2
Green Hospital, Myeonmok dong, Jungnang-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
3
Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 896, Pyeongchon-Dong, Anyang City, Gyeonggi-Do, 431-070, South Korea paragon0823@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Although vertebroplasty is very effective for relieving acute pain from an osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, not all patients who undergo vertebroplasty receive the same degree of benefit from the procedure. In order to identify the ideal candidate for vertebroplasty, pre-operative prognostic demographic or clinico-radiological factors need to be identified. The objective of this study was to identify the pre-operative prognostic factors related to the effect of vertebroplasty on acute pain control using a cohort of surgically and non-surgically managed patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Patients with single-level acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture at thoracolumbar junction (T10 to L2) were followed. If the patients were not satisfied with acute pain reduction after a three-week conservative treatment, vertebroplasty was recommended. Pain assessment was carried out at the time of diagnosis, as well as three, four, six, and 12 weeks after the diagnosis. The effect of vertebroplasty, compared with conservative treatment, on back pain (visual analogue score, VAS) was analysed with the use of analysis-of-covariance models that adjusted for pre-operative VAS scores.

RESULTS:

A total of 342 patients finished the 12-week follow-up, and 120 patients underwent vertebroplasty (35.1%). The effect of vertebroplasty over conservative treatment was significant regardless of age, body mass index, medical comorbidity, previous fracture, pain duration, bone mineral density, degree of vertebral body compression, and canal encroachment. However, the effect of vertebroplasty was not significant at all time points in patients with increased sagittal vertical axis.

CONCLUSIONS:

For single-level acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, the effect of vertebroplasty was less favourable in patients with increased sagittal vertical axis (> 5 cm) possible due to aggravation of kyphotic stress from walking imbalance.Cite this article: Y-C. Kim, D. H. Bok, H-G. Chang, S. W. Kim, M. S. Park, J. K. Oh, J. Kim, T-H. Kim. Increased sagittal vertical axis is associated with less effective control of acute pain following vertebroplasty. Bone Joint Res 2016;5:544-551. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.511.BJR-2016-0135.R1.

KEYWORDS:

Back pain; Conservative treatment; Osteoporotic vertebral fracture; Pain control; Recurrence; Vertebroplasty

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