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Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2017 Apr;267(3):277-282. doi: 10.1007/s00406-016-0746-x. Epub 2016 Nov 9.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depressed individuals improves suppression of irrelevant mental-sets.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 120 2nd Ave, Charlestown, MA, 02129, USA. jgreenberg5@mgh.harvard.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 1 Bowdoin Square, 6th Floor, Boston, MA, 02114, USA.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 120 2nd Ave, Charlestown, MA, 02129, USA.

Abstract

An impaired ability to suppress currently irrelevant mental-sets is a key cognitive deficit in depression. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was specifically designed to help depressed individuals avoid getting caught in such irrelevant mental-sets. In the current study, a group assigned to MBCT plus treatment-as-usual (n = 22) exhibited significantly lower depression scores and greater improvements in irrelevant mental-set suppression compared to a wait-list plus treatment-as-usual (n = 18) group. Improvements in mental-set-suppression were associated with improvements in depression scores. Results provide the first evidence that MBCT can improve suppression of irrelevant mental-sets and that such improvements are associated with depressive alleviation.

KEYWORDS:

Competitor rule suppression; Depression; Mental-set; Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

PMID:
27830339
PMCID:
PMC5357295
DOI:
10.1007/s00406-016-0746-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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