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Anat Rec. 1989 Aug;224(4):466-72.

S-100 protein in white preadipocytes: an immunoelectronmicroscopic study.

Author information

1
Istituto di Morfologia Umana Normale, Università di Ancona, Italy.

Abstract

Differentiation of adipocytes from their precursor cells (preadipocytes) is an important problem in the study of the pathogenesis of obesity. Unfortunately, among the immature stages of adipocytes, only relatively differentiated forms can be identified by their fine structure; because early preadipocytes cannot be distinguished from fibroblasts solely on the basis of their morphology, it is impossible to assess the size of the preadipocyte population. S-100 protein has been identified in various mammalian tissues and recently mature adipocytes have been shown to be positive for this protein. Because fibroblasts are negative for S-100 protein, the present study tested the S-100 immunoreactivity of preadipocytes by the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) preembedding method at the ultrastructural level both in vivo and in culture. Mature adipocytes and early preadipocytes, including fibroblast-like cells devoid of lipid droplets, were positive both in vivo and in culture. Endothelial cells and pericytes were negative; but flattened, lipid-free, fibroblast-like cells surrounding the pericytes were positive. True fibroblasts both in vivo and in culture were negative. Therefore, S-100 protein can be a useful biochemical marker in distinguishing fibroblasts from early preadipocytes.

PMID:
2782627
DOI:
10.1002/ar.1092240403
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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