Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Maturitas. 2016 Dec;94:131-136. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.09.012. Epub 2016 Sep 16.

Microablative fractional CO2-laser therapy and the genitourinary syndrome of menopause: An observational study.

Author information

1
Urogynecology Unit, 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Alexandra" Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
2
Cytology Department, "Alexandra Hospital", Athens, Greece.
3
Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Urogynecology Unit, Milan, Italy.
4
Urogynecology Unit, 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, "Alexandra" Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: athanasio@otenet.gr.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study aimed to assess the effect of the Microablative Fractional CO2 Laser (CO2-laser) therapy on vaginal pathophysiology and the symptoms of the Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause (GSM).

METHODS:

Postmenopausal women with moderate to severe symptoms of GSM underwent three sessions of CO2-laser therapy at monthly intervals. Participants were evaluated at baseline and 4 weeks after the last treatment.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

The primary outcomes were Vaginal Maturation Value (VMV) and Vaginal Health Index Score (VHIS). Secondary outcomes included symptoms of GSM, Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire of Female Urinary Tract Symptoms (ICIQ-FLUTS) and Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF), Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) and King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ).

RESULTS:

Fifty-three postmenopausal women completed this study. VMV, VHIS and FSFI increased significantly. Dyspareunia, dryness, burning, itching, dysuria, frequency, urgency, urgency incontinence, stress incontinence and scores on the ICIQ-FLUTS, ICIQ-UI SF, UDI-6 and KHQ decreased significantly. Factors predicting for which women the CO2-laser therapy was more effective were not identified.

CONCLUSION:

This study suggests that intravaginal CO2-laser therapy for postmenopausal women with clinical signs and symptoms of GSM may be effective in improving both vaginal pathophysiology and reported symptoms.

KEYWORDS:

Dyspareunia; Menopause; Sexual function; Urgency; Urinary incontinence; Vulvovaginal atrophy

PMID:
27823733
DOI:
10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.09.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center