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Am Heart J. 2016 Nov;181:52-59. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2016.08.005. Epub 2016 Aug 21.

Serious infections among unselected patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with contemporary primary percutaneous coronary intervention.

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Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia (IC/FUC), Porto Alegre, Brazil.
Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia (IC/FUC), Porto Alegre, Brazil. Electronic address:



Contemporary studies assessing the frequency, characteristics, and outcomes of serious infections (SIs) in patients presenting a ST-elevation myocardial infarction are scarce.


Prospective cohort of consecutive patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Serious infection was defined as the presence of infection that prolonged hospitalization. Community-acquired infection (CAI) was defined by SI diagnosed in the first 72 hours of hospitalization, whereas hospital-acquired infections (HAI) were those diagnosed after 72 hours of hospital admission.


From December 2009 to November 2012, 1,486 patients were included in the analysis. Serious infection was present in 58 (3.9%) individuals; 30 (2%) patients had CAI and 28 (1.9%) patients had HAI. Respiratory tract infection was responsible for 82% of the SI. Patients with SI were older, had more comorbidities, and had worse angiographic results of the pPCI procedure when compared with those without SIs. After multivariable adjustment, SI was associated with an approximately 10-fold risk of 30-day death. Patients with CAI had more often a history of smoking, Killip III/IV on hospital admission, worse pPCI, and angiographic results than did patients with HAI. However, no differences were seen in 30-day major cardiovascular outcomes between patients with CAI and HAI.


In a contemporary cohort of unselected ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients representative of the daily practice, SI was uncommon but associated with worse pPCI results and high risk of mortality. The occurrences of CAI or HAI were similar, but CAI patients presented distinctly worse angiographic outcomes than did patients with HAI.

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