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Trauma Violence Abuse. 2018 Dec;19(5):555-566. doi: 10.1177/1524838016675479. Epub 2016 Nov 6.

Pediatric Abusive Head Trauma Prevention Initiatives: A Literature Review.

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1 Department of Psychology, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, Brazil.


Abusive head trauma (AHT) is a serious form of child maltreatment that needs to be prevented. The aim of this study was to summarize the main AHT prevention strategies described in literature, aiming to identify evidence of their efficiency, as well as strengths and limitations. International databases were reviewed from 2005 to 2015 using the key words Shaken Baby Syndrome or abusive head trauma or nonaccidental head trauma or abusive head injury or nonaccidental head injury and prevention. A total of 1,215 articles were found and 34 complete articles were selected for this study. Five initiatives with the main objective of reducing infant crying in the first months of life were found, three aimed at caregiver's emotional regulation and 12 aimed at raising parents and caregivers awareness on AHT. Among them, parental education about infant crying and risks of shaking a baby stands out for its empirical evidence.


child abuse; physical abuse; prevention of child abuse

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