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J Affect Disord. 2017 Dec 15;224:76-86. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.10.035. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

Sugars, exercise and health.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy; Metabolism Research Center, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, San Donato Milanese, Italy.
2
Diabetes Research Institute, Metabolism, Nutrigenomics and Cellular Differentiation Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy; Metabolism Research Center, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, San Donato Milanese, Italy. Electronic address: livio.luzi@unimi.it.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is a direct link between a variety of addictions and mood states to which exercise could be relieving. Sugar addiction has been recently counted as another binge/compulsive/addictive eating behavior, differently induced, leading to a high-significant health problem. Regularly exercising at moderate intensity has been shown to efficiently and positively impact upon physiological imbalances caused by several morbid conditions, including affective disorders. Even in a wider set of physchiatric diseases, physical exercise has been prescribed as a complementary therapeutic strategy.

METHOD:

A comprehensive literature search was carried out in the Cochrane Library and MEDLINE databases (search terms: sugar addiction, food craving, exercise therapy, training, physical fitness, physical activity, rehabilitation and aerobic).

RESULTS:

Seeking high-sugar diets, also in a reward- or craving-addiction fashion, can generate drastic metabolic derangements, often interpolated with affective disorders, for which exercise may represent a valuable, universal, non-pharmachological barrier.

LIMITATIONS:

More research in humans is needed to confirm potential exercise-mechanisms that may break the bond between sugar over-consumption and affective disorders.

CONCLUSIONS:

The purpose of this review is to address the importance of physical exercise in reversing the gloomy scenario of unhealthy diets and sedentary lifestyles in our modern society.

KEYWORDS:

Binge/addictive eating behaviors; Exercise therapy; Sugar addiction

PMID:
27817910
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2016.10.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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