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Clin Cancer Res. 2017 May 15;23(10):2565-2574. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-16-2152. Epub 2016 Nov 4.

KTN0158, a Humanized Anti-KIT Monoclonal Antibody, Demonstrates Biologic Activity against both Normal and Malignant Canine Mast Cells.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. london.20@osu.edu.
2
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
3
The Veterinary Cancer Center, Norwalk, Connecticut.
4
Department of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
5
Kolltan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., New Haven, Connecticut.

Abstract

Purpose: KTN0158 is a novel anti-KIT antibody that potently inhibits wild-type and mutant KIT. This study evaluated the safety, biologic activity, and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics profile of KTN0158 in dogs with spontaneous mast cell tumors (MCT) as a prelude to human clinical applications.Experimental Design: Cell proliferation, KIT phosphorylation, and mast cell degranulation were evaluated in vitro KTN0158 was administered to 4 research dogs to assess clinical effects and cutaneous mast cell numbers. Thirteen dogs with spontaneous MCT were enrolled into a prospective phase I dose-escalating open-label clinical study of KTN0158 evaluating 3 dose levels and 2 schedules and with weekly assessments for response and clinical toxicities.Results: KTN0158 was a potent inhibitor of human and dog KIT activation and blocked mast cell degranulation in vitro In dogs, KTN0158 was well tolerated and reduced cutaneous mast cell numbers in a dose-dependent manner. Clinical benefit of KTN0158 administration in dogs with MCT (n = 5 partial response; n = 7 stable disease) was observed regardless of KIT mutation status, and decreased KIT phosphorylation was demonstrated in tumor samples. Histopathology after study completion demonstrated an absence of neoplastic cells in the primary tumors and/or metastatic lymph nodes from 4 dogs. Reversible hematologic and biochemical adverse events were observed at doses of 10 and 30 mg/kg. The MTD was established as 10 mg/kg.Conclusions: KTN0158 inhibits KIT phosphorylation, demonstrates an acceptable safety profile in dogs, and provides objective responses in canine MCT patients with and without activating KIT mutations, supporting future clinical evaluation of KTN0158 in people. Clin Cancer Res; 23(10); 2565-74. ©2016 AACR.

PMID:
27815356
PMCID:
PMC5418113
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-16-2152
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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