Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Euro Surveill. 2016 Oct 27;21(43). doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.43.30380.

People living with HIV in Estonia: engagement in HIV care in 2013.

Author information

1
Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Abstract

Estonia had the highest rate of newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cases in the European Union (24.6/100,000) and an estimated adult HIV prevalence of 1.3% in 2013. HIV medical care, including antiretroviral therapy (ART), is free of charge for people living with HIV (PLHIV). To maximise the health benefits of HIV treatment, universal access should be achieved. Using data from surveillance and administrative databases and the treatment cascade model, we assessed the number of people infected with HIV, diagnosed with HIV, linked to HIV care, retained in HIV care, on ART, and with suppressed viral load (HIV-RNA: < 200 copies/mL). We identified that about one quarter of the 8,628 HIV-positive people estimated to live in Estonia in 2013 had not been diagnosed with HIV, and another quarter, although aware of their HIV-positive serostatus, had not accessed HIV medical care. Although altogether only 12-15% of all PLHIV in Estonia had achieved viral suppression, the main gap in HIV care in Estonia were the 58% of PLHIV who had accessed HIV medical care at least once after diagnosis but were not retained in care in 2013.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; HIV; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; continuum of care; human immunodeficiency virus; treatment cascade

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center