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Int J Paediatr Dent. 2017 Sep;27(5):399-411. doi: 10.1111/ipd.12272. Epub 2016 Nov 4.

An investigation into the effect of a resin infiltrant on the micromechanical properties of hypomineralised enamel.

Author information

1
Oral Health Cooperative Research Centre, Melbourne Dental School, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
2
Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Resin infiltration may alter the mechanical properties of enamel hypomineralised lesions (HL); however, variable surface layer (SL) thickness may affect resin penetration.

AIMS:

To determine the thickness of the SL of HL and to investigate the effect of resin infiltration on the mechanical properties of HL.

DESIGN:

The thickness of the SL over HL was determined using polarised light microscopy. Etching time using 15% HCl gel to remove the SL of 52 samples was determined. Selected HL and control areas of 21 teeth were infiltrated with Icon® resin infiltrant, and cross-sectional Knoop microhardness (KHN) measurements were recorded before and after resin infiltration.

RESULTS:

Ninety-six point five per cent of HL had a detectable SL with mean thickness of 58 ± 29 μm. Application of HCl for 120 s produced a mean MIH erosion depth of 58 ± 12 μm. Eleven of 21 samples had evidence of infiltration using visual examination. The infiltrant penetrated some of the HL leading to an increase in KHN (111 ± 75 KHN) which, when compared to adjacent non-infiltrated HL (96 ± 52 KHN), was not statistically significantly different (P = 0.56).

CONCLUSIONS:

There was marked variation in the SL thickness of HL. Resin infiltration of HL did not increase microhardness significantly.

PMID:
27813257
DOI:
10.1111/ipd.12272
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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