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Methods Mol Biol. 2017;1446:3-13.

Primer on Ontologies.

Author information

1
Cheminformatics and Metabolism, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridgeshire, CB10 1SD, UK. hastings@ebi.ac.uk.

Abstract

As molecular biology has increasingly become a data-intensive discipline, ontologies have emerged as an essential computational tool to assist in the organisation, description and analysis of data. Ontologies describe and classify the entities of interest in a scientific domain in a computationally accessible fashion such that algorithms and tools can be developed around them. The technology that underlies ontologies has its roots in logic-based artificial intelligence, allowing for sophisticated automated inference and error detection. This chapter presents a general introduction to modern computational ontologies as they are used in biology.

KEYWORDS:

Artificial intelligence; Bioinformatics; Knowledge representation; Ontology

PMID:
27812931
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-4939-3743-1_1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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