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J Youth Adolesc. 2017 Jan;46(1):1-14. doi: 10.1007/s10964-016-0597-9. Epub 2016 Nov 3.

Pathways from Childhood Adversity to Problem Behaviors in Young Adulthood: The Mediating Role of Adolescents' Future Expectations.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 425 S. University Avenue, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, 425 S. University Avenue, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. srjaffee@psych.upenn.edu.
3
Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania, 3700 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Abstract

Adverse childhood experiences and pessimistic future expectations about college attendance or mortality are established risk factors for problem behaviors among youth. Data were from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Nā€‰=ā€‰14,800; 49ā€‰% female). Participants were 11-17-years-old at baseline and 24-32-years-old at outcome. Adolescents' college expectations and fatalistic expectations mediated the effect of childhood adversity on violent behavior in young adulthood. Neither college nor fatalistic expectations were significant mediators in models predicting substance use and nonviolent antisocial behaviors. Although observed mediational effect sizes were small, they survived models that included multiple controls designed to rule-out alternative explanations. Intervening on adversity-exposed adolescents' college and fatalistic expectations may reduce risk for violent behaviors.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Adverse childhood experiences; College expectations; Fatalistic expectations; Mediation; Problem behavior; Young adulthood

PMID:
27812837
DOI:
10.1007/s10964-016-0597-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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