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Front Psychol. 2016 Oct 20;7:1545. eCollection 2016.

Systemic Case Formulation, Individualized Process Monitoring, and State Dynamics in a Case of Dissociative Identity Disorder.

Author information

1
Institute of Synergetics and Psychotherapy Research, Paracelsus Medical UniversitySalzburg, Austria; Department of Psychology and Pedagogics, Ludwig Maximilians UniversityMunich, Germany.
2
Department of Psychosomatics and Inpatient Psychotherapy, Paracelsus Medical University, Christian Doppler University Hospital Salzburg, Austria.
3
Institute of Synergetics and Psychotherapy Research, Paracelsus Medical UniversitySalzburg, Austria; Department of Psychosomatics and Inpatient Psychotherapy, Paracelsus Medical University, Christian Doppler University HospitalSalzburg, Austria.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this case report is to demonstrate the feasibility of a systemic procedure (synergetic process management) including modeling of the idiographic psychological system and continuous high-frequency monitoring of change dynamics in a case of dissociative identity disorder. The psychotherapy was realized in a day treatment center with a female client diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and dissociative identity disorder. Methods: A three hour long co-creative session at the beginning of the treatment period allowed for modeling the systemic network of the client's dynamics of cognitions, emotions, and behavior. The components (variables) of this idiographic system model (ISM) were used to create items for an individualized process questionnaire for the client. The questionnaire was administered daily through an internet-based monitoring tool (Synergetic Navigation System, SNS), to capture the client's individual change process continuously throughout the therapy and after-care period. The resulting time series were reflected by therapist and client in therapeutic feedback sessions. Results: For the client it was important to see how the personality states dominating her daily life were represented by her idiographic system model and how the transitions between each state could be explained and understood by the activating and inhibiting relations between the cognitive-emotional components of that system. Continuous monitoring of her cognitions, emotions, and behavior via SNS allowed for identification of important triggers, dynamic patterns, and psychological mechanisms behind seemingly erratic state fluctuations. These insights enabled a change in management of the dynamics and an intensified trauma-focused therapy. Conclusion: By making use of the systemic case formulation technique and subsequent daily online monitoring, client and therapist continuously refer to detailed visualizations of the mental and behavioral network and its dynamics (e.g., order transitions). Effects on self-related information processing, on identity development, and toward a more pronounced autonomy in life (instead of feeling helpless against the chaoticity of state dynamics) were evident in the presented case and documented by the monitoring system.

KEYWORDS:

Synergetic Navigation System (SNS); borderline personality disorder; dissociative identity disorder; idiographic system modeling; personality states; real-time monitoring; systemic case formulation; therapy feedback

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