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Chemosphere. 2017 Feb;168:384-389. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.10.070. Epub 2016 Oct 28.

Optimum reaction ratio of coal fly ash to blast furnace cement for effective removal of hydrogen sulfide.

Author information

1
Research Center for Inland Seas, Kobe University, 5-1-1 Fukaeminami, Higashinada, Kobe, 658-0022, Japan. Electronic address: s-asaoka@maritime.kobe-u.ac.jp.
2
Research Center for Inland Seas, Kobe University, 5-1-1 Fukaeminami, Higashinada, Kobe, 658-0022, Japan.
3
College of Environmental and Marine Sciences and Technology, Pukyong National University, 45, Yongso-ro, Nam-Gu, Busan, 48513, South Korea.
4
Faculty of Maritime Sciences, Kobe University, 5-1-1 Fukaeminami, Higashinada, Kobe, 658-0022, Japan.
5
The Chugoku Electric Power Co., Inc., 4-33, Komachi,Naka-ku, Hiroshima, 730-8701, Japan.
6
Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, 1-4-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima, 739-8527, Japan.
7
Faculty of Science & Technology, Ryukoku University, 1-5 Yokotani, Setaooe, Ootsu, Shiga, 520-2194, Japan.

Abstract

Reducing hydrogen sulfide concentration in eutrophic marine sediments is crucial to maintaining healthy aquatic ecosystems. Managing fly ash, 750 million tons of which is generated annually throughout the world, is another serious environmental problem. In this study, we develop an approach that addresses both these issues by mixing coal fly ash from coal-fired power plants with blast furnace cement to remediate eutrophic sediments. The purpose of this study is to optimize the mixing ratio of coal fly ash and blast furnace cement to improve the rate of hydrogen sulfide removal based on scientific evidence obtained by removal experiments and XAFS, XRD, BET, and SEM images. In the case of 10 mg-S L-1 of hydrogen sulfide, the highest removal rate of hydrogen sulfide was observed for 87 wt% of coal fly ash due to decreased competition of adsorption between sulfide and hydroxyl ions. Whereas regarding 100 mg-S L-1, the hydrogen sulfide removal rate was the highest for 95 wt% of coal fly ash. However, for both concentrations, the removal rate obtained by 87 wt% and 95 wt% were statistically insignificant. The crushing strength of the mixture was over 1.2 N mm-2 when the coal fly ash mixing ratio was less than 95 wt%. Consequently, the mixing ratio of coal fly ash was optimized at 87 wt% in terms of achieving both high hydrogen sulfide removal rate and sufficient crushing strength.

KEYWORDS:

Coal-fired power plant; Environmental remediation; Eutrophication; Recycle; Sediment

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