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Sci Rep. 2016 Nov 3;6:36143. doi: 10.1038/srep36143.

High-efficient Synthesis of Graphene Oxide Based on Improved Hummers Method.

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College of Materials and Metallurgy, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou, 014010, P. R. China.


As an important precursor and derivate of graphene, graphene oxide (GO) has received wide attention in recent years. However, the synthesis of GO in an economical and efficient way remains a great challenge. Here we reported an improved NaNO3-free Hummers method by partly replacing KMnO4 with K2FeO4 and controlling the amount of concentrated sulfuric acid. As compared to the existing NaNO3-free Hummers methods, this improved routine greatly reduces the reactant consumption while keeps a high yield. The obtained GO was characterized by various techniques, and its derived graphene aerogel was demonstrated as high-performance supercapacitor electrodes. This improved synthesis shows good prospects for scalable production and applications of GO and its derivatives.

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