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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1989 May;33(1):99-104.

Effects of caffeine, cocaine and their combination on fixed-interval behavior in rats.

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1
Department of Psychiatry and Biopsychology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190.

Abstract

The effects of the central nervous system stimulants, caffeine and cocaine, on schedule-controlled behavior were determined in rats trained to perform a fixed-interval (FI) 5-minute task. When given alone caffeine produced a doubling of FI response rate at a dose of 10 mg/kg and reduced responding at a dose of 32 mg/kg. Cocaine, which was also expected to increase FI responding, did not increase response rate at doses of 3.2 or 10 mg/kg and decreased the rate of responding at a dose of 32 mg/kg. Caffeine had minimal effects on quarter life and appeared to increase local rates of responding across the interval. Cocaine decreased quarter life dramatically at a dose that had no effect on overall response rate. Local rates of responding were increased early in the interval and decreased in the later segments. The effects of both drugs were found to be rate-dependent. When these compounds were given in combination the results obtained appeared to be related to the rate of responding that caffeine alone would produce.

PMID:
2780794
DOI:
10.1016/0091-3057(89)90436-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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