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J Cell Biol. 2016 Nov 21;215(4):559-573. Epub 2016 Nov 2.

DAAM1 stabilizes epithelial junctions by restraining WAVE complex-dependent lateral membrane motility.

Author information

1
RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047, Japan tnishimura@cdb.riken.jp takeichi@cdb.riken.jp.
2
RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0047, Japan.
3
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, Nishi-Ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan.

Abstract

Epithelial junctions comprise two subdomains, the apical junctional complex (AJC) and the adjacent lateral membrane contacts (LCs), that span the majority of the junction. The AJC is lined with circumferential actin cables, whereas the LCs are associated with less-organized actin filaments whose roles are elusive. We found that DAAM1, a formin family actin regulator, accumulated at the LCs, and its depletion caused dispersion of actin filaments at these sites while hardly affecting circumferential actin cables. DAAM1 loss enhanced the motility of LC-forming membranes, leading to their invasion of neighboring cell layers, as well as disruption of polarized epithelial layers. We found that components of the WAVE complex and its downstream targets were required for the elevation of LC motility caused by DAAM1 loss. These findings suggest that the LC membranes are motile by nature because of the WAVE complex, but DAAM1-mediated actin regulation normally restrains this motility, thereby stabilizing epithelial architecture, and that DAAM1 loss evokes invasive abilities of epithelial cells.

PMID:
27807130
PMCID:
PMC5119936
DOI:
10.1083/jcb.201603107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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