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Yi Chuan. 2016 Oct 20;38(10):940-947.

Epidemiological study on the penicillin resistance of clinical Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates identified as the common sequence types.

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Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Ministry of Education, National Key Discipline of Pediatrics (Capital Medical University), National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, Beijing Key Laboratory of Pediatric Respiratory Infection Diseases, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing Children.
Youyang Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University; People's Hospital of Chongqing Youyang County, Chongqing 409899, China.
People's Hospital of Zhongjiang County, Sichuan 618100, China.
Youyang Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University.


There were some limitation in the current interpretation about the penicillin resistance mechanism of clinical Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates at the strain level. To explore the possibilities of studying the mechanism based on the sequence types (ST) of this bacteria, 488 isolates collected in Beijing from 1997-2014 and 88 isolates collected in Youyang County, Chongqing and Zhongjiang County, Sichuan in 2015 were analyzed by penicillin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) distribution and annual distribution. The results showed that the penicillin MICs of the all isolates covering by the given ST in Beijing have a defined range, either <0.25 mg/L or≥0.25 mg/L, except for the ST342. The isolates with penicillin MIC <0.25 mg/L were mainly collected before 2001, after which the isolates with MIC≥0.25 mg/L occurred and became the major population gradually. This law of year distribution, however, was not obvious for any specific ST. The isolates covering by any given ST could be determined with different penicillin MICs in the first few years after it was identified. The penicillin MIC of isolates identified as common STs and collected in Youyang County, Chongqing and Sichuan Zhongjiang County, including the ST271, ST320 and ST81, was around 0.25~2 mg/L (≥0.25 mg/L). Our study revealed the epidemiological distribution of penicillin MICs of the given STs determined in clinical S. pneumoniae isolates, suggesting that it is reasonable to research the penicillin resistance mechanism based on the STs of this bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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