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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016 Oct 28;13(11). pii: E1055.

Drinking and Driving among Recent Latino Immigrants: The Impact of Neighborhoods and Social Support.

Author information

1
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA. msanc062@fiu.edu.
2
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11720 Beltsville Drive Suite 900, Calverton, MD 20705-3111, USA. romano@pire.org.
3
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA. cdaws011@fiu.edu.
4
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA. huanhu@fiu.edu.
5
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA. asnei001@fiu.edu.
6
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA. ecyru002@fiu.edu.
7
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA. proja003@fiu.edu.
8
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA. mcanojr@fiu.edu.
9
Department of Epidemiology, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199, USA. mcanojr@fiu.edu.
10
New York University School of Medicine, NYU Langone Medical Center 215 Lexington Ave, New York, NY 10016, USA. judith.brook@nyumc.org.
11
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, AHC5-421, Miami, FL 33199, USA. delarosa@fiu.edu.

Abstract

Latinos are disproportionately impacted by drinking and driving arrests and alcohol-related fatal crashes. Why, and how, these disparities occur remains unclear. The neighborhood environments that recent Latino immigrants encounter in their host communities can potentially influence health behaviors over time, including the propensity to engage in drinking and driving. This cross-sectional study utilizes a sample of 467 documented and undocumented adult recent Latino immigrants in the United States to answer the following research questions: (a) How do neighborhood-level factors, combined with social support, impact drinking and driving risk behaviors?; and (b) Does acculturative stress moderate the effects of those associations? Results indicate neighborhood-level factors (informal social control and social capital) have protective effects against drinking and driving risk behaviors via the mediating mechanism of social support. Acculturative stress moderated associations between neighborhood informal social control and social support, whereby the protective effects of informal social control on social support were not present for those immigrants with higher levels of acculturative stress. Our findings contribute to the limited knowledge of drinking and driving among Latino immigrants early in the immigration process and suggest that, in the process of developing prevention programs tailored to Latino immigrants, greater attention must be paid to neighborhood-level factors.

KEYWORDS:

Latino/a immigrants; acculturation stress; alcohol; drinking and driving; neighborhoods

PMID:
27801856
PMCID:
PMC5129265
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph13111055
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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