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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2016 Nov 9;18(44):30857-30866.

RIDME spectroscopy on high-spin Mn2+ centers.

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Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Max von Laue Str. 7, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Structural Biology, Université Paris-Saclay, CEA, CNRS UMR 9198, Gif-sur-Yvette, F-91198, France.
Département de Chimie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, PSL Research University, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS, Laboratoire des Biomolécules (LBM), 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France and Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, Ecole Normale Supérieure, CNRS, Laboratoire des Biomolécules (LBM), 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France.


Pulsed EPR dipolar spectroscopy is a powerful tool for determining the structure and conformational dynamics of biological macromolecules, as it allows precise measurements of distances in the range of 1.5-10 nm. Utilization of high-spin Mn2+ species as spin probes for distance measurements is of significant interest, because they are biologically compatible and endogenous in numerous biological systems. However, to date dipolar spectroscopy experiments with this kind of species have been underexplored. Here we present pulsed electron electron double resonance (PELDOR also called DEER) and relaxation-induced dipolar modulation enhancement (RIDME) experiments, which have been performed at W-band (94 GHz) and J-band frequencies (263 GHz) on a bis-MnDOTA (DOTA = 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetate) model system. The distances obtained from these experiments are in good agreement with predictions. RIDME experiments reveal a significantly higher modulation depth compared to PELDOR, which is an important consideration for biological samples. These experiments also feature higher harmonics of the dipolar coupling frequency due to effective multiple-quantum relaxation of high-spin Mn2+ as well as the multiple-component background function. Harmonics of the dipolar coupling frequency were taken into account by including additional terms in the kernel function of Tikhonov regularization analysis.


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