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Turk J Ophthalmol. 2016 Jun;46(3):104-108. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

Evaluation of Ocular Surface Health in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.

Author information

1
Sorgun State Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, Yozgat, Turkey.
2
Çankırı State Hospital, Ophthalmology Clinic, Çankırı, Turkey.
3
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Rize, Turkey.
4
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara, Turkey.
5
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate ocular surface health in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and to investigate the tendency of these patients toward dry eyes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Fifty patients who underwent polysomnography and were diagnosed with OSAS and 50 normal control subjects were compared with respect to ocular surface disease index (OSDI), Schirmer I test and tear film break-up time (TBUT) values.

RESULTS:

Patients were grouped as mild (n=15, 30%), moderate (n=15, 30%) and severe (n=20, 40%) according to apnea-hypopnea index values. The right eyes of patients were included in both groups. OSDI values were as follows: control group, 18.7±8.5; mild OSAS group, 40.2±2.8; moderate OSAS group, 48.5±2.2 and severe OSAS group, 62.7±2.3 (p<0.001). TBUT values were as follows: control group, 12.3±4.9; mild OSAS group, 8.2±4.7; moderate OSAS group, 5.8±2.1 and severe OSAS group, 4.2±3.7 (p<0.001). Schirmer values were as follows: control group, 18±6.1 mm; mild OSAS group, 12.9±6.7 mm; moderate OSAS group, 8.5±5.2 mm and severe OSAS group, 7.9±4.7 mm (p<0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Patients with OSAS seem to have a tendency toward dry eyes. Clinicians should be aware of dry eye development in these patients.

KEYWORDS:

Dry eye; obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; ocular surface health

Conflict of interest statement

No conflict of interest was declared by the authors. Financial Disclosure: The authors declared that this study received no financial support.

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