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J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Sep;28(9):2507-2509. Epub 2016 Sep 29.

Analysis of dysphagia risk using the modified dysphagia risk assessment for the community-dwelling elderly.

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1
Department of Speech Language Pathology, Nambu University, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

[Purpose] The elderly are susceptible to dysphagia, and complications can be minimized if high-risk groups are screened in early stages and properly rehabilitated. This study provides basic material for the early detection and prevention of dysphagia by investigating the risks of dysphagia and related factors in community-dwelling elders. [Subjects and Methods] Participants included 325 community-dwelling elderly people aged 65 or older. The modified dysphagia risk assessment for the community-dwelling elderly was used to assess dysphagia risk. [Results] Approximately 52.6% (n=171) of participants belonged to the high-risk group for dysphagia. After adjusting for confounding variables, people aged 75+, who used dentures, and who needed partial help in daily living had a significantly higher risk of dysphagia. [Conclusion] It is necessary to develop guidelines for dysphagia for early detection and rehabilitation.

KEYWORDS:

Community-dwelling elders; Dysphagia risk assessment scale; Prevalence

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