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Syst Biol. 2017 May 1;66(3):463-473. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syw096.

Possibility and Challenges of Conversion of Current Virus Species Names to Linnaean Binomials.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University, College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York, 10032 NY, USA.
2
Integrated Research Facility at Fort Detrick, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Frederick, 21702 MD, USA.
3
Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, 63110 MO, USA.
4
Center for Microbial Pathogenesis, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, 30303 GA, USA.
5
United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Frederick, 21702 MD, USA.
6
Institute for Veterinary Medical Research, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1581 Budapest, Hungary.
7
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Health and Biosecurity, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, 3220 Victoria, Australia.
8
Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, 10032 NY, USA.
9
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, 92697 CA, USA.
10
University of Texas Medical Branch, TX 77555 Galveston, USA.
11
Arthropod-Borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 80523 CO, USA.
12
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, 10461 NY, USA.
13
MR "Emergence des Pathologies Virales" (EPV: Aix-Marseille Université - IRD 190 - Inserm 1207 - EHESP), 13284 Marseille, France.
14
Institut Hospitalo-Universitaire Méditerranée Infection, APHM Public Hospitals of Marseille, 13015 Marseille, France.
15
Les Mandinaux, 16450 Le Grand-Madieu, France.
16
Respiratory Viruses Section, Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, 20892 MD, USA.
17
Department of Immunology and Microbial Science IMM-6, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, 92037 CA, USA.
18
Departments of Medicine, Biochemistry and Biophysics, and Microbiology, University of California, San Francisco, 94158 CA, USA.
19
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, 4072 Queensland, Australia.
20
Institute of Virology, Philipps University Marburg, 35043 Marburg, Germany.
21
IDT Biologika, 06861 Dessau-Rosslau, Germany.
22
School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, CV4 7AL Coventry, UK.
23
Unité de Virologie, IRBA - Echelon Recherche de Lyon, 69007 Lyon, France.
24
World Health Organization, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
25
Department of Viroscience, Postgraduate School Molecular Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Center, 3015 CE Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
26
Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, Department of Biology, New York University, New York, 10003 NY, USA.
27
Health for Development, Potomac, 20854 MD, USA.
28
Public Health England, Porton Down, Wiltshire, SP4 0JG Salisbury, UK.
29
Transboundary Animal Diseases Research Center, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University, 890-0065 Japan Korimoto Kagoshima, Japan.
30
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, The Provincial Key Lab of Plant Pathology of Húboi Province, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huázhong Agricultural University, Wuhàn, 430070 China, China.
31
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada, Canada.
32
Institute of Plant Science and Resources, Okayama University, Kurashiki, 710-0046 Japan, Japan.
33
Departments of Food Science, Molecular and Cellular Biology, and Pathobiology, University of Guelph, Guelph, N1G 2W1 Ontario, Canada.
34
Unité de Biologie Moléculaire du Gène chez les Extrêmophiles, Department of Microbiology, Institut Pasteur, 75015 Paris, France.
35
US Geological Survey Western Fisheries Research Center, Seattle, 98115 WA, USA.
36
Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, 60208 IL, USA.
37
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Northwestern University, Evanston, 60208 IL, USA.
38
Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Franceville, Gabon.
39
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, and the Center for Predictive Medicine for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville, Louisville, 40202 KY, USA.
40
Division of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, National Science Foundation, Arlington, 22230, USA.
41
Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk Oblast, 630090 Russia, Russia.
42
Institute of Virology, University of Veterinary Medicine, 1210 Vienna, Austria.
43
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
44
Department of Virology and Immunology, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, 78230 TX, USA.
45
Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, 77845 TX, USA.
46
Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases, National Institute for Communicable Diseases of the National Health Laboratory Service, 2131 Sandringham, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa.
47
Centre for Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland, UK.
48
Instituto de Biotecnología y Biología Molecular (CONICET-UNLP), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata, Argentina.
49
Institute for Virology, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
50
Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Entomology and Plant Pathology, Mississippi State University, 39762 MS, USA.
51
Summerland Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Summerland, V0H 1Z0 British Columbia, Canada.
52
Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, 21201 MD, USA.
53
Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Division, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, Salisbury, SP4 0JQ Wiltshire, UK.
54
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 80523 CO, USA.
55
Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Weymouth, DT4 8UB Dorset, UK.
56
Division of Global Epidemiology, Hokkaido University Research Center for Zoonosis Control, 001-0020 Sapporo, Japan.
57
Institute for Virus Research, Kyoto University, 6068507 Kyoto, Japan.
58
Institut Pasteur, Unité des Stratégies Antivirales, 75015 Paris, France.
59
Institut Pasteur de Guinée, Conakry, Guinea.
60
Viral Special Pathogens Branch, Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, 30333 GA, USA.
61
Molecular Basis of Viral Pathogenicity, CIRI, INSERM U1111 - CNRS UMR5308, Université de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, 69365 Lyon, France.
62
National Biodefense Analysis and Countermeasures Center, Fort Detrick, Frederick, 21702 MD, USA.
63
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Biosecurity Queensland, Brisbane, 4000 Queensland, Australia.
64
Programme in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-NUS Medical School, 1659857 Singapore, Singapore.
65
The Center for Fundamental and Applied Microbiomics, The Biodesign Institute and School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, 85287 AZ, USA.
66
Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, 66506 KS, USA.
67
Department de Fitopatologia/BIOAGRO, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa - MG, 36570-900, Brazil, Brazil.

Abstract

Botanical, mycological, zoological, and prokaryotic species names follow the Linnaean format, consisting of an italicized Latinized binomen with a capitalized genus name and a lower case species epithet (e.g., Homo sapiens). Virus species names, however, do not follow a uniform format, and, even when binomial, are not Linnaean in style. In this thought exercise, we attempted to convert all currently official names of species included in the virus family Arenaviridae and the virus order Mononegavirales to Linnaean binomials, and to identify and address associated challenges and concerns. Surprisingly, this endeavor was not as complicated or time-consuming as even the authors of this article expected when conceiving the experiment. [Arenaviridae; binomials; ICTV; International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses; Mononegavirales; virus nomenclature; virus taxonomy.].

PMID:
27798405
PMCID:
PMC5837305
DOI:
10.1093/sysbio/syw096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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