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J Neurosci. 2016 Oct 26;36(43):11097-11106.

A Decline in Response Variability Improves Neural Signal Detection during Auditory Task Performance.

Author information

1
Center for Neural Science, g.vontrapp@nyu.edu.
2
Center for Neural Science.
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts 02215.
4
Department of Psychology, and.
5
Department of Biology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, and.

Abstract

The detection of a sensory stimulus arises from a significant change in neural activity, but a sensory neuron's response is rarely identical to successive presentations of the same stimulus. Large trial-to-trial variability would limit the central nervous system's ability to reliably detect a stimulus, presumably affecting perceptual performance. However, if response variability were to decrease while firing rate remained constant, then neural sensitivity could improve. Here, we asked whether engagement in an auditory detection task can modulate response variability, thereby increasing neural sensitivity. We recorded telemetrically from the core auditory cortex of gerbils, both while they engaged in an amplitude-modulation detection task and while they sat quietly listening to the identical stimuli. Using a signal detection theory framework, we found that neural sensitivity was improved during task performance, and this improvement was closely associated with a decrease in response variability. Moreover, units with the greatest change in response variability had absolute neural thresholds most closely aligned with simultaneously measured perceptual thresholds. Our findings suggest that the limitations imposed by response variability diminish during task performance, thereby improving the sensitivity of neural encoding and potentially leading to better perceptual sensitivity.

SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT:

The detection of a sensory stimulus arises from a significant change in neural activity. However, trial-to-trial variability of the neural response may limit perceptual performance. If the neural response to a stimulus is quite variable, then the response on a given trial could be confused with the pattern of neural activity generated when the stimulus is absent. Therefore, a neural mechanism that served to reduce response variability would allow for better stimulus detection. By recording from the cortex of freely moving animals engaged in an auditory detection task, we found that variability of the neural response becomes smaller during task performance, thereby improving neural detection thresholds.

KEYWORDS:

amplitude modulation; attention; auditory cortex; neurometric; signal detection theory

PMID:
27798189
PMCID:
PMC5098844
DOI:
10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1302-16.2016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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