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Springerplus. 2016 Oct 12;5(1):1778. eCollection 2016.

Adverse drug reactions (ADRS) reporting: awareness and reasons of under-reporting among health care professionals, a challenge for pharmacists.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ojha Campus, Karachi, Pakistan.
2
Dow College of Pharmacy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ojha Campus, Karachi, Pakistan.
3
Department of Research, Dow University of Health Sciences, Ojha Campus, Karachi, Pakistan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To measure awareness about adverse drug reaction (ADRs) reporting among doctors, pharmacists and nurses and to determine reasons of ADRs under-reporting in Pakistan.

METHODS:

In present study, a self-administered questionnaire was used to measure the awareness level about ADRs reporting among health care professionals (HCPs) of Pakistan. This was a cross sectional study.

RESULTS:

Out of the respondents 51 % were physicians, 29.7 % pharmacists and 19.3 % were nurses. 65.5 % of HCP population observed ADRs, out of which only 57.4 % reported these in their respective hospitals. About 77.3 % of population understood the importance of reporting ADRs while 67.3 % of population agrees that pharmacists are chief personnel for the development of system. 71.8 % of HCPs agrees that ADRs are not reported because Community pharmacy lacks legally qualified pharmacists. Only 14.3 % of HCPs population knows that there is any ADR reporting organization in Pakistan.

CONCLUSION:

The study recommends the need of such reporting system and more than half of the studied population agreed that pharmacists are required in developing such system.

KEYWORDS:

ADR reporting; Awareness; Pharmacovigilance; Under reporting

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