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Indian J Dent. 2016 Sep;7(3):134-139.

Review of orofacial considerations of systemic sclerosis or scleroderma with report of analysis of 3 cases.

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Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SP Dental College and Hospital, DMIMS University, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.
Department of Oral Pathology, HSRSM, Hingoli, Maharashtra, India.
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, SP Dental College, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.


Scleroderma (skleros; hard, and derma; skin), is currently known as systemic sclerosis due to its progressive nature and widespread tissue involvement. It is a rare connective tissue disorder with a wide range of oral manifestations. Thickening of the skin is the hallmark of the disease. The patient education for self-care and multidisciplinary approach would be needed to manage the condition. The article presents the review of orofacial considerations in scleroderma with a report of analysis of orofacial manifestations 3 cases.


Connective tissue disorders; reduced mouth opening; scleroderma; widened periodontal ligament space

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