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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017 Feb 1;487:336-347. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2016.10.022. Epub 2016 Oct 12.

Polymer mediated layer-by-layer assembly of different shaped gold nanoparticles.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO 80204, USA.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Denver, Denver, CO 80208, USA.
Department of Chemistry, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO 80204, USA. Electronic address:


Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have a wide range of properties with potential applications in electronics, optics, catalysis, and sensing. In order to demonstrate that dense, stable, and portable samples could be created for these applications, multiple layers of GNPs were assembled via drop casting on glass substrates by layer-by-layer (LBL) techniques. Two cationic polyelectrolytes, poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) and polyethyleneimine, one anionic polyelectrolyte, poly(sodium 4-styrene sulfonate), and one neutral polymer, polyvinylpyrrolidone, were combined with four different shapes of GNPs (spherical, rod, triangular prismatic, and octahedral) to prepare thin films. A subset of these polymer nanoparticle combinations were assembled into thin films. Synthesized GNPs were characterized via dynamic light scattering, UV-vis spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy and the LBL thin films were characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy. Sensing applications of the nanoparticles in solution and thin films were tested by monitoring the localized surface plasmon resonance of the GNPs. LBL thin films were prepared ranging from 25 to 100 layers with optical densities at plasmon from 0.5 to 3.0. Sensitivity in solutions ranged from 14 to 1002nm/refractive index units (RIU) and films ranged from 18.8 to 135.1nm/RIU suggesting reduced access to the GNPs within the films.


Anisotropic; Gold; Multilayered; Plasmonics; Sensors

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