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Gac Sanit. 2017 Jan - Feb;31(1):57-61. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.09.002. Epub 2016 Oct 26.

Measuring social capital: further insights.

Author information

1
Facultat de Ciències de la Salut Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain; Grup de recerca en Pedagogia, Societat, Innovació i TIC, Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i l'Esport Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: elenaca@blanquerna.url.edu.
2
Grup de recerca en Pedagogia, Societat, Innovació i TIC, Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i l'Esport Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain; Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i l'Esport Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Social capital is defined as the resources available to individuals and groups through membership in social networks. However, multiple definitions, distinct dimensions and subtypes of social capital have been used to investigate and theorise about its relationship to health on different scales, creating a confusing picture. This heterogeneity makes it necessary to systematise social capital measures in order to build a stronger foundation in terms of how these associations between the different aspects of social capital and each specific health indicator develop. We aim to provide an overview of the measurement approaches used to measure social capital in its different dimensions and scales, as well as the mechanisms through which it is presumed to influence health. Understanding the mechanisms through which these relationships develop may help to refine the existing measures or to identify new, more appropriate ones.

KEYWORDS:

Capital social; Determinantes sociales; Epidemiological measurements; Epidemiología social; Mediciones epidemiológicas; Social capital; Social determinants; Social epidemiology

PMID:
27793546
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.09.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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