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Adv Emerg Nurs J. 2016 Oct/Dec;38(4):327-335.

Reducing Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing for Adults With Acute Bronchitis in an Urgent Care Setting: A Quality Improvement Initiative.

Author information

1
Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina (Drs Link and Hendrix); FastMed Urgent Care, Holly Springs, North Carolina (Dr Link); Department of Pharmacy, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical (Dr Townsend), and Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center (Dr Hendrix), Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina; FastMed Urgent Care, Henderson, North Carolina (Dr Leung); and FastMed Urgent Care, Clayton, North Carolina (Dr Kommu).

Abstract

Acute bronchitis is a predominantly viral illness and, according to clinical practice guidelines, should not be treated with antibiotics. Despite clear guidelines, acute bronchitis continues to be the most common acute respiratory illness for which antibiotics are incorrectly prescribed. Although the national benchmark for antibiotic prescribing for adults with acute bronchitis is 0%, a preliminary record review before implementing the intervention at the project setting showed that 96% (N = 30) of adults with acute bronchitis in this setting were prescribed an antibiotic. This quality improvement project utilized a single-group, pre-post design. The setting for this project was a large urgent care network with numerous locations in central North Carolina. The purpose was to determine whether nurse practitioners and physician assistants, after participating in a multifaceted provider education session, would reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for healthy adults with acute uncomplicated bronchitis. Twenty providers attended 1 of 4 training sessions offered in October and November 2015. The face-to-face interactive training sessions focused on factors associated with inappropriate antibiotic prescribing, current clinical practice guidelines, and patient communication skills. Retrospective medical record review of 217 pretraining and 335 posttraining encounters for acute bronchitis by 19 eligible participating providers demonstrated a 61.9% reduction in immediate antibiotic prescribing from 91.7% to 29.8%. Delayed prescribing, which accounted for a small percentage of the total prescriptions given, had a small but significant increase of 9.3% after training. Overall, this multifaceted, interactive provider training resulted in significant reductions in inappropriate prescriptions.

PMID:
27792075
DOI:
10.1097/TME.0000000000000122
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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