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Int J Obstet Anesth. 2017 Feb;29:34-38. doi: 10.1016/j.ijoa.2016.09.004. Epub 2016 Sep 22.

Prediction of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean section by altered heart rate variability induced by postural change.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan.
2
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan. Electronic address: iida@gifu-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Maternal hypotension is a common complication during cesarean section performed under spinal anesthesia. Changes in maternal heart rate with postural changes or values of heart rate variability have been reported to predict hypotension. Therefore, we hypothesized that changes in heart rate variability due to postural changes can predict hypotension.

METHODS:

A total of 45 women scheduled to undergo cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were enrolled. A postural change test was performed the day before cesarean section. The ratio of the power of low and high frequency components contributing to heart rate variability was assessed in the order of supine, left lateral, and supine. Patients who exhibited a ⩾two-fold increase in the low-to-high frequency ratio when moving to supine from the lateral position were assigned to the postural change test-positive group.

RESULTS:

According to the findings of the postural change test, patients were assigned to the positive (n=22) and negative (n=23) groups, respectively. Hypotension occurred in 35/45 patients, of whom 21 (60%) were in the positive group and 14 (40%) were in the negative group. The incidence of hypotension was greater in the positive group (P<0.01). The total dose of ephedrine was greater in the positive group (15±11 vs. 7±7mg, P=0.005). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.76 for the postural change test as a predictor of hypotension.

CONCLUSION:

The postural change test with heart rate variability analysis may be used to predict the risk of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section.

KEYWORDS:

Cesarean section; Heart rate variability; Hypotension; Postural change test

PMID:
27789074
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijoa.2016.09.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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