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Chin J Integr Med. 2016 Nov;22(11):805-810. Epub 2016 Oct 26.

Expecting the holistic regulation from Chinese medicine based on the "solar system" hypothesis of ischemic heart disease.

Author information

1
Traditional Chinese Medicine Department of Rheumatism, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029, China.
2
Clinical Medical College, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, 100029, China.
3
Cardiovascular Diseases Center, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100091, China. xuhaotcm@hotmail.com.
4
Cardiovascular Diseases Center, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100091, China. shidazhuo@126.com.
5
Cardiovascular Diseases Center, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100091, China.

Abstract

Stenosis of the coronary artery has been considered as an essential component of ischemic heart disease (IHD). Consequently, revascularization [e.g., percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass] has been the primary therapeutic approach to IHD. Such strategy has indeed revolutionized the management of IHD patients. However, not all patients with myocardial ischemia have visible coronary stenosis. Moreover, cardiovascular events occur in nearly 20% patients with stable coronary artery disease who have undergone PCI. The recently proposed "solar system" hypothesis of IHD postulates that coronary stenosis is only one (albeit important) of its features. Mechanistic contribution and clinical implication of multiple pathophysiological processes beyond coronary stenosis are highlighted in this hypothesis. On the basis of a holistic regulation and individualized medicine, Chinese medicine (CM) has been used in the real-world setting to manage a variety of diseases, including IHD, for more than two thousands years. In this article, we summarize the evidence of CM that supports the "solar system" IHD hypothesis, and argue for a comprehensive approach to IHD. At the theoretical level, the central features of this approach include a holistic view of disease and human subjects, as well as individualized medicine. At the practical level, this approach emphasizes anoxia-tolerance and self-healing.

KEYWORDS:

Chinese medicine; coronary heart disease; holistic regulation; ischemic heart disease; myocardial ischemia

PMID:
27783319
DOI:
10.1007/s11655-016-2267-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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