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Cancer Res. 2016 Dec 15;76(24):7160-7167. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

Pancreatic Cancer Risk Associated with Prediagnostic Plasma Levels of Leptin and Leptin Receptor Genetic Polymorphisms.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 2Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 3Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 4Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 5Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 6Laboratory of Translational Genomics, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • 7Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland.
  • 8Division of MPE Molecular Pathological Epidemiology, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 9Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 10Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 11Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Research and Information Center (MAVERIC), VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 12Department of Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 13Cancer Prevention Research Unit, Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
  • 14Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
  • 15University of Washington School of Nursing, Seattle, Washington.
  • 16Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
  • 17Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts. bwolpin@partners.org.

Abstract

Leptin is an adipokine involved in regulating energy balance, which has been identified as a potential biologic link in the development of obesity-associated cancers, such as pancreatic cancer. In this prospective, nested case-control study of 470 cases and 1,094 controls from five U.S. cohorts, we used conditional logistic regression to evaluate pancreatic cancer risk by prediagnostic plasma leptin, adjusting for race/ethnicity, diabetes, body mass index, physical activity, plasma C-peptide, adiponectin, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Because of known differences in leptin levels by gender, analyses were conducted separately for men and women. We also evaluated associations between 32 tagging SNPs in the leptin receptor (LEPR) gene and pancreatic cancer risk. Leptin levels were higher in female versus male control participants (median, 20.8 vs. 6.7 ng/mL; P < 0.0001). Among men, plasma leptin was positively associated with pancreatic cancer risk and those in the top quintile had a multivariable-adjusted OR of 3.02 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.27-7.16; Ptrend = 0.02] compared with men in the bottom quintile. Among women, circulating leptin was not associated with pancreatic cancer risk (Ptrend = 0.21). Results were similar across cohorts (Pheterogeneity = 0.88 for two male cohorts and 0.35 for three female cohorts). In genetic analyses, rs10493380 in LEPR was associated with increased pancreatic cancer risk among women, with an OR per minor allele of 1.54 (95% CI, 1.18-2.02; multiple hypothesis-corrected P = 0.03). No SNPs were significantly associated with risk in men. In conclusion, higher prediagnostic levels of plasma leptin were associated with an elevated risk of pancreatic cancer among men, but not among women. Cancer Res; 76(24); 7160-7. ©2016 AACR.

PMID:
27780823
PMCID:
PMC5181854
[Available on 2017-12-15]
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-1699
[PubMed - in process]
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