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Am J Cardiol. 2016 Dec 15;118(12):1821-1825. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2016.08.070. Epub 2016 Sep 13.

Relation of Erectile Dysfunction to Subclinical Myocardial Injury.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Division of Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway; Center for Heart Failure Research, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: torbjorn.omland@medisin.uio.no.
2
Department of Cardiology, Division of Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway; Center for Heart Failure Research, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Division of Surgery, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

Abstract

The circulating concentration of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is an index of subclinical myocardial injury in several patient populations and in the general population. Erectile dysfunction is associated with greater risk for cardiovascular events, but the association with subclinical myocardial injury is not known. We aimed to test the hypothesis that the presence and severity of erectile dysfunction is associated with greater concentrations of cTnI in the general population. The presence and severity of erectile dysfunction was assessed by administering the International Index of Erectile Function 5 (IIEF-5) questionnaire to 260 men aged 30 to 65 years recruited from a population-based study. Concentrations of cTnI were determined by a high-sensitivity (hs) assay. Hs-cTnI levels were significantly higher in subjects with than in those without erectile dysfunction (median 2.9 vs 1.6 ng/l; p <0.001). Men with erectile dysfunction (i.e., IIEF-5 sum score <22) were also significantly older; had a higher systolic blood pressure, lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, higher augmentation index and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide; and had a higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and previous coronary artery disease than subjects without erectile dysfunction. These covariates were adjusted for in a multivariate linear regression model, yet the IIEF-5 sum score remained significantly negatively associated with the hs-cTnI concentration (standardized β -0.206; p <0.001). In conclusion, the presence and severity of erectile dysfunction is associated with circulating concentrations of hs-cTnI, indicating subclinical myocardial injury independently of cardiovascular risk factors, endothelial dysfunction and heart failure biomarkers.

PMID:
27780552
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2016.08.070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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