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Biomed Pharmacother. 2016 Dec;84:1067-1077. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2016.10.020. Epub 2016 Oct 22.

Structural characterization of a novel derivative of myricetin from Mimosa pudica as an anti-proliferative agent for the treatment of cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, School of Chemical Sciences, Swami Anandatheertha Campus, Kannur University, Kerala, India.
2
Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Palayad Campus, Kannur University, Kerala, India.
3
Department of Chemistry, School of Chemical Sciences, Swami Anandatheertha Campus, Kannur University, Kerala, India. Electronic address: sudheeshatl@yahoo.co.uk.

Abstract

The study was initiated to determine the anticancer activity of a novel compound isolated from the plant Mimosa pudica. The structure of the compound was identified as a derivative of myricetin having alkyl, hydroxy alkyl and methyl substitutions on the basis of spectral evidences (UV-vis, FT-IR, 1H NMR and Mass spectra). The isolated compound was interpreted as 2-(2',6'-dimethyl-3',4',5'-alkyl or hydroxy alkyl substituted phenyl)-3-oxy-(alkyl or hydoxy alkyl)- 5,7-dihydroxy-chromen-4-one. In vitro evaluation of anticancer activity against human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549) and human erythroleukemic cell line (K562) were conducted using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. In vivo anticancer activity was determined against Dalton's Ascites Lymphoma (DAL) in Swiss albino mice. The mice were treated with intraperitoneal administration of the compound at 25mg/kg and 100mg/kg body weight and were compared with the normal, DAL control and standard drug cyclophosphamide treated groups. The histology revealed that the compound could protect the cellular architecture of liver and kidney. The results from the in vitro, in vivo and histological examinations confirmed the ethnopharmacological significance of the isolated compound and could be considered further for the development of an effective drug against cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Anticancer activity; Dalton's Ascites Lymphoma (DAL); Flavonoid; Human erythroleukemic cell line (K562); Human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549); Mimosa pudica

PMID:
27780135
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopha.2016.10.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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