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BMC Public Health. 2016 Oct 24;16(1):1114.

Health promoting practices and personal lifestyle behaviors of Brazilian health professionals.

Author information

1
JFK Johnson Rehabilitation Institute, JFK Medical Center, Edison, NJ, USA. khidalgo27@gmail.com.
2
Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
3
Program in Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
4
Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.
5
School of Medicine, Department of Health Management and Informatics, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA.
6
Gerontology Department, Federal University of Sao Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil.
7
School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
8
Center of Studies and Research Dr. João Amorim, CEJAM, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
9
Pan-American Health Organization, Brasilia, Brazil.
10
Prevention Research Center in St. Louis, Washington University in St. Louis, Brown School, St. Louis, MO, USA.
11
School of Medicine, Division of Public Health Sciences and Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.
12
Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.
13
Department of Preventive Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study was conducted to examine the lifestyle behaviors and health promoting practices of physicians, nurses, and community health workers in Brazil.

METHODS:

A random sample of primary health care units in Brazil was selected, and a pretested questionnaire was administered via phone interviews, in 2011, to 182 physicians, 347 nurses, and 269 community health workers, totaling 798 health professionals. The total initial sample included 1600 eligible health professionals. Variables measured included physical activity, alcohol intake, hours of sleep, diet, and perceived self-efficacy to provide preventive counseling on related lifestyle behaviors.

RESULTS:

More than 25 % of physicians, nurses, and community health workers reported eating 0-2 portions of fruits and vegetables per day. In terms of cervical and breast cancer, nurses reported to be 'very prepared' to advise patients on these topics more frequently than physicians. The prevalence of smoking ranged from 4.9 % among nurses to 7.4 % among community health workers. The proportion of physical inactivity ranged from 40.3 % among nurses to 52.1 % among community health workers.

CONCLUSION:

A reasonably high proportion of physicians, nurses, and community health workers report not engaging in healthy lifestyle behaviors that impact chronic diseases, thus, they may be less likely to encourage such behaviors in their patients.

KEYWORDS:

Brazil; Counseling; Health care; Health promotion; Lifestyle behavior

PMID:
27776496
PMCID:
PMC5078940
DOI:
10.1186/s12889-016-3778-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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