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Nutrients. 2016 Oct 19;8(10). pii: E647.

Is Hypovitaminosis D Associated with Stress Perception in the Elderly? A Nationwide Representative Study in Korea.

Gwon M1,2, Tak YJ3,4, Kim YJ5,6, Lee SY7,8, Lee JG9,10, Jeong DW11, Yi YH12,13, Lee SH14,15, Hwang HR16,17, Lee Y18,19.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan 602-739, Korea. mieun0817@naver.com.
2
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 602-739, Korea. mieun0817@naver.com.
3
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan 602-739, Korea. 03141998@naver.com.
4
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 602-739, Korea. 03141998@naver.com.
5
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan 602-739, Korea. yujkim@pusan.ac.kr.
6
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 602-739, Korea. yujkim@pusan.ac.kr.
7
Medical Education Unit and Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan 626-870, Korea. saylee@pnu.edu.
8
Family Medicine Clinic and Research Institute of Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 626-789, Korea. saylee@pnu.edu.
9
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan 602-739, Korea. eltidine@hanmail.net.
10
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 602-739, Korea. eltidine@hanmail.net.
11
Family Medicine Clinic and Research Institute of Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 626-789, Korea. dwjeong75@hanmail.net.
12
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan 602-739, Korea. eeugus@hanmail.net.
13
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 602-739, Korea. eeugus@hanmail.net.
14
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan 602-739, Korea. greatseunghun@hanmail.net.
15
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 602-739, Korea. greatseunghun@hanmail.net.
16
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan 602-739, Korea. hezera83@naver.com.
17
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 602-739, Korea. hezera83@naver.com.
18
Department of Family Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan 602-739, Korea. ylee23@daum.net.
19
Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 602-739, Korea. ylee23@daum.net.

Abstract

Hypovitaminosis D and stress are common problems among the elderly. The aim of this cross-sectional nationally representative study was to evaluate the association between hypovitaminosis D and stress perception using large-scale nationally representative data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2012-2013). In our study, a total of 1393 elders (≥65 years old) were included to evaluate the association between hypovitaminosis D and stress perception. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were determined using radioimmunoassay, and perceived stress status was assessed by a self-reporting questionnaire. The association between hypovitaminosis D and stress perception according to sex was examined using logistic regression analysis. After multivariate adjustment for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors and comorbidities, hypovitaminosis D was significantly associated with perceived stress (odds ratio, 2.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.10-6.77; p = 0.029) among women; however, this association was not significant among men. Hypovitaminosis D was a risk factor for higher stress perception in older Korean women. Even though the role of vitamin D in stress perception is still unclear, we suggest screening for hypovitaminosis D among the elderly.

KEYWORDS:

Korea; elderly; hypovitaminosis D; stress perception; vitamin D

PMID:
27775565
PMCID:
PMC5084034
DOI:
10.3390/nu8100647
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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