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Curr Pharm Des. 2017;23(31):4687-4695. doi: 10.2174/1381612822666161018162022.

Percutaneous Treatment of Aortic Valve Disease: Contemporary Overview and Future Trends.

Author information

1
Cardiology Department, University Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia.
2
Cardiovascular Center Aalst, OLV Hospital, Aalst, Belgium.
3
CDI, Redwood City, California, United States.
4
Cardiology Department, Bichat Hospital, AP-HP, DHU FIRE, and Paris-Diderot University, Paris, France.

Abstract

Efforts to develop and refine percutaneous approaches to cardiac valve repair and replacement have advanced rapidly over the past several years, having exceeded even the most optimistic expectations. New innovations have been predominantly directed toward the most frequent form of valvular heart disease (VHD) in the industrialized world; aortic stenosis (AS). Approximately 250,000 transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures have been done so far addressing this significant medical need. Because of the predominance of degenerative etiologies, the prevalence of VHD increases markedly in population above the age of 65 years, in particular with regard to severe AS. As the populations of the industrialized countries continue to be older, the need for less invasive and safer methods of treating severe AS will continue to grow. In this review we provide comprehensive and up-to-date overview of TAVI in current clinical practice. We have also addressed dilemmas and unanswered questions related to TAVI procedures in different groups of patients and highlighted opportunities and trends related to future TAVI implementation.

KEYWORDS:

Aortic stenosis; TAVI; aortic stenosis; cardiac valve; future trends; heart disease

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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