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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;929:363-375.

Deguelin and Its Role in Chronic Diseases.

Author information

1
C. Eugene Bennett Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA. Jonathan.boyd@mail.wvu.edu.
2
C. Eugene Bennett Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.

Abstract

Deguelin is one of four major naturally occurring rotenoids isolated from root extracts and is best recognized as a NADH: ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) inhibitor, resulting in significant alterations in mitochondrial function. Deguelin has also been implicated as a regulator of apoptosis through signaling pathways, such as the (PI3K)/Akt pathway, as well as an initiator of cell cycle arrest. Consequently, this compound has accrued great interest as a potential chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic. Additionally, deguelin exposure has been linked to Parkinson's disease (PD). PD is a neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by a substantial loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra, as well the manifestation of symptoms such as bradykinesia, rigidity, and rest tremor. While exploring the genetic impact of PD is imperative, environmental factors, such as exposure to pesticides, herbicides, and insecticides, have also been connected to the development of PD. The etiology and pathogenesis of PD are yet to be fully understood and elucidated, but mitochondrial dysfunction is gaining recognition as a molecular hallmark of PD. In fact, deguelin has been reported to elicit PD-like symptoms (degeneration of the dopaminergic pathway) in rats administered with deguelin (6 mg/kg/day for 6 days), possibly through the inhibition of mitochondrial complex I. Further research investigating the mechanisms by which deguelin inhibits central cellular processes is essential in order to advance any prospective research addressing potential applications and risks of deguelin.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Cell cycle arrest; Chemopreventive; Chemotherapeutic; Deguelin; Mitochondrial complex I inhibitor; Parkinson’s disease

PMID:
27771933
DOI:
10.1007/978-3-319-41342-6_16
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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