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Health Place. 2016 Nov;42:129-136. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.09.012. Epub 2016 Oct 19.

E-cigarette use among students and e-cigarette specialty retailer presence near schools.

Author information

1
Department of Sociology, Environmental Science & Policy Program, Chapman University, One University Drive, Orange, CA 92866, United States.
2
Department of Biostatistics, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, 650 Charles E. Young Dr. South, 51-254 CHS, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, United States. Electronic address: ccrespi@ucla.edu.
3
Environmental Management, University of San Francisco, Harney Science Center, 2130 Fulton, Street, San Francisco, CA 94117-1080, United States. Electronic address: pvorapharuek@gmail.com.
4
UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Center for Cancer Prevention & Control Research, A2-125 CHS, 650 Charles Young Drive, Los Angeles 90095-6900, United States. Electronic address: wmccarth@ucla.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined the association between presence of e-cigarette specialty retailers near schools and e-cigarette use among middle and high school students in Orange County (OC), CA.

METHODS:

The OC subsample of the 2013-2014 California Healthy Kids Survey (N=67,701) was combined with geocoded e-cigarette retailers to determine whether a retailer was present within one-quarter mile of each public school in OC. Multilevel logistic regression models evaluated individual-level and school-level e-cigarette use correlates among middle and high school students.

RESULTS:

Among middle school students, the presence of an e-cigarette retailer within one-quarter mile of their school predicted lifetime e-cigarette use (OR=1.70, 95% CI=1.02, 2.83), controlling for confounders but no effect for current use. No significant effect was found for high school students.

CONCLUSIONS:

E-cigarette specialty retailers clustered around schools may be an environmental influence on student e-cigarette experimentation.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; E-cigarette; Geographic information systems; Retail environment; Substance use

PMID:
27770669
PMCID:
PMC5126978
DOI:
10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.09.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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