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Disabil Rehabil. 2017 Nov;39(23):2436-2445. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2016.1226404. Epub 2016 Oct 21.

Persian version of the Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale: psychometric study among subjects with physical disability.

Author information

1
a Department of Health Education and Promotion , School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Kermanshah , Iran.
2
b Department of Occupational Health , School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Kermanshah , Iran.
3
c Community & Preventive Medicine Department , Interventional Cardiovascular Research Center, Heshmat Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences , Rasht , Iran.
4
d Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health (RCEDH), Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Kermanshah , Iran.
5
e Kermanshah Social Welfare Organization, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Kermanshah , Iran.
6
f Department of Health Education and Promotion , School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences , Kermanshah , Iran.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Self-efficacy plays a key role in varying areas of human conditions which can be measured by different scales. The present study was aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale (MSES) in Iranian Subjects with Physical Disability (SWPD).

METHOD:

Data were collected by face-to-face interviews and self-report surveys from 214 subjects. The face and content validity, and reliability were evaluated. Discriminates were evaluated between the sub-groups of disability levels, physical activity, and health condition levels. The concurrent, convergent, divergent, and construct validity were assessed by short form health survey scale (SF-36), general self-efficacy scale (GSES), hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), respectively. Replaceable exploratory factor analysis was evaluated. SPSS software was used for statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

There were acceptable face and content validity, and reliability. Furthermore, significant correlation was found between PSES and SF-36 (p < 0.001). Self-efficacy was statistically different among the disability levels (p = 0.02), physical activity levels (p < 0.001), and health status (p = 0.001). The correlation of Persian Self-Efficacy Scale (PSES) scores with GSES (r = 0.61, p < 0.001), and HADS (R = -0.53, p < 0.001) was significant. This scale yielded a two-dimensional structure, with a good internal replicability. The external replicability was satisfactory when we compared factor loadings with the original study.

CONCLUSIONS:

The PSES is a valid, reliable and sensitive tool to measure the self-efficacy among SWPD for planning and managing of disability problems. Implications for rehabilitation Psychometric properties of the Persian version of self-Efficacy scale (PSES) appear to be similar to original, English version. The PSES has been shown to have validity and reliability in Persian physical disables and can be used for patients with more different types of physical disability than individuals suffering from only Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). The PSES can be used in clinical practice and research work to evaluate the patients' confidence in performing daily activities.

KEYWORDS:

Self-efficacy; physical disability; psychometric; reliability; validity

PMID:
27767355
DOI:
10.1080/09638288.2016.1226404
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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