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Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1989;50(2-3):137-41.

Chromosome mapping of the growth hormone receptor gene in man and mouse.

Author information

1
Department of Human Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

Abstract

Pituitary growth hormone (GH) is essential for normal growth and development in animals and GH deficiency leads to dwarfism. This hormone acts via specific high-affinity cell surface receptors found in liver and other tissues. The recent cloning and sequencing of cDNAs encoding human and rabbit GH receptors (GHR) has demonstrated that this receptor is unrelated to any previously described cell membrane receptor or growth factor receptor. We have used the cloned human GHR cDNA to map the GHR locus to the proximal short arm of human chromosome 5, region p13.1----p12, and to mouse chromosome 15 by Southern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. While human chromosome 5 carries several genes for hormone and growth factor receptors, GHR is the only growth-related gene so far mapped to the short arm. Inasmuch as GHR is the first gene with apparently homologous loci on human chromosome 5 and mouse chromosome 15, it identifies a new homologous conserved region. In humans, deficiency of GH receptor activity probably causes Laron-type dwarfism, an autosomal recessive disorder prevalent in Oriental Jews. In mice, the autosomal recessive mutation miniature (mn) is characterized by severe growth failure and early death and has been mapped to chromosome 15. Our assignment of Ghr to mouse chromosome 15 suggests this as a candidate gene for the mn mutation.

PMID:
2776481
DOI:
10.1159/000132743
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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