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Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 2016;26(2):195-218.

Nonegalitarian Social Responsibility for Health: A Confucian Perspective on Article 14 of the UNESCO <italic>Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights</italic>.

Abstract

This essay offers a Confucian evaluation of Article 14 of the UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, with a focus given to its statement that "the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being." It indicates that "a right to health" contained in the statement is open to two different interpretations, one radically egalitarian, another a decent minimum. It shows that Confucianism has strong moral considerations to reject the radical egalitarian interpretation, and argues that a Confucian nonegalitarian health distribution ethics of differentiated and graded love and obligation can reasonably be supported with a right to the decent minimum of health at the international level.

PMID:
27763421
DOI:
10.1353/ken.2016.0011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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