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Changgeng Yi Xue Za Zhi. 1989 Mar 20;12(1):1-4.

[A clinical analysis of esophageal achalasia].

[Article in Chinese]

Abstract

Thirty-one cases of esophageal achalasia were admitted to Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between 1981 and 1986. Eighteen male patients and 13 female patients, aged from 12 to 84 years old with an average of 39 years old, were included in this series. Their chief complaints were dysphagia (83.9%), postprandial vomiting (12.9%), and food regurgitation (3.2%). The symptoms are present for an average of 2.8 years (mostly between 0.5 and 2 years) before the diagnosis is made. The clinical signs and symptoms included dysphagia, postprandial vomiting, loss of body weight, food regurgitation, abdominal fullness, cough, chest pain, belching, and choking. The tentative diagnoses at admission were achalasia, esophageal stricture R/O achalasia, achalasia R/O esophageal cancer, and esophageal cancer. Laboratory examinations showed 90.3% with absence of the gastric air shadow in chest P-A view X-ray film. Typical birds-beat deformity in barium-meal esophagogram was seen in 100%, and during esophagoscopic examination, 25% (6/24) were without abnormal findings, 66.7% (16/24) had liquid and food stasis, 8.3% (2/24) had esophagitis. Manometry of esophagus was performed in 5 cases, all had positive abnormal patterns detected, such as aperistalsis of esophageal body and incomplete relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter, but only 60% showed hypertensive lower esophageal sphincter. In these 31 cases, 3 cases refused any treatment, 9 cases received medical therapy including drug therapy(9) and pneumatic esophageal dilatation(8), and 19 cases received surgical operations. Better swallowing improvement was obtained in the surgically treated group than in the medically treated patients during follow up period.

PMID:
2776066
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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