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Biochem Cell Biol. 1989 Jun;67(6):311-4.

Mannose toxicity in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells.

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Department of Animal Biology II (Animal Physiology), Faculty of Biological Science, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.


Mannosephosphate isomerase (MPI) showed a higher activity than hexokinase (HKM) in its ability to phosphorylate mannose in the spleen, thymus, brain, liver, striated muscles, kidneys, and testes from BALB/c mice. This led to a HKM/MPI ratio of less than 1 in all the organs and tissues mentioned. In contrast, Ehrlich ascites tumor cells obtained from the peritoneum of BALB/c mice had low MPI activity (half of the HKM activity and, therefore, a ratio of 2). Mannose, which is nontoxic to nontumor cells at a concentration of 0.1 M, induced marked in vitro mortality of the tumor cells. Incubation of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells with mannose resulted in a high accumulation of mannose-6-phosphate and a marked depletion of ATP which did not appear when the cells were incubated with glucose. These facts may explain the selective mortality caused by mannose in the tumor cells studied.

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