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Nutrients. 2016 Oct 14;8(10). pii: E633.

Paradoxical Effects of Fruit on Obesity.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Institute for Medical Science, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju 54907, Korea. satyapriya83@gmail.com.
2
Department of Microbiology, Seonam University Medical School, Namwon 55724, Korea. hjchung@chonbuk.ac.kr.
3
JINIS BDRD Institute, JINIS Biopharmaceuticals Co., 948-9 Dunsan, Bongdong, Wanju 55321, Korea. hjkim@jinisbio.com.
4
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Institute for Medical Science, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju 54907, Korea. seonghong@chonbuk.ac.kr.

Abstract

Obesity is exponentially increasing regardless of its preventable characteristics. The current measures for preventing obesity have failed to address the severity and prevalence of obesity, so alternative approaches based on nutritional and diet changes are attracting attention for the treatment of obesity. Fruit contains large amounts of simple sugars (glucose, fructose, sucrose, etc.), which are well known to induce obesity. Thus, considering the amount of simple sugars found in fruit, it is reasonable to expect that their consumption should contribute to obesity rather than weight reduction. However, epidemiological research has consistently shown that most types of fruit have anti-obesity effects. Thus, due to their anti-obesity effects as well as their vitamin and mineral contents, health organizations are suggesting the consumption of fruit for weight reduction purposes. These contradictory characteristics of fruit with respect to human body weight management motivated us to study previous research to understand the contribution of different types of fruit to weight management. In this review article, we analyze and discuss the relationships between fruit and their anti-obesity effects based on numerous possible underlying mechanisms, and we conclude that each type of fruit has different effects on body weight.

KEYWORDS:

anti-obesity; fruit; obesity; pro-obesity

PMID:
27754404
PMCID:
PMC5084020
DOI:
10.3390/nu8100633
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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